Abstract: This paper focuses on the main principles and uses of the martindale abrasion tester for testing the fabric abrasion resistance .
In our daily life, we wear some clothes, after washing several times, will appear pilling, pilling consumption phenomenon, especially in winter wear sheep titanium clothing, pilling situation is very serious. The reason for the pilling is that the fibres are rubbed out of the original part of the fabric and are exposed separately, forming a ball. Aotens Instruments reminds us that the abrasion resistance of textiles can be tested using the Martindale abrasion tester.
The Martindale abrasion tester is suitable for testing the abrasion resistance of materials such as footwear, leather, textile toys and fabrics, as well as testing the degree of pilling and linting. The Martindale abrasion tester is a common instrument used by testing institutes, certification centres, quality control departments and laboratories to test the abrasion resistance of materials. After a specimen has been tested by the Martindale abrasion tester, its abrasion resistance is judged by measuring the degree of wear, loss of mass and assessing changes in appearance.
The Martindale abrasion tester rubs the specimen according to a set trajectory, reaching a specified number of revolutions to observe the pilling level of the specimen. The circular fabric is fixed to the abrasion table and rubbed against a standard abrasion cloth. After a certain number of rubbing cycles, the sample will change, including pilling, and the quality will decrease.
The Martindale abrasion tester also has a test method in which round fabric specimens are allowed to rub against each other under - a certain pressure, against a standard abrasion resistant material in a defined movement path, until the specimen breaks, and the number of times the friction causes the specimen to break is recorded, thus determining the abrasion resistance of the fabric. The teamdale abrasion testing machine, can also be used to do the pilling and pilling test, using the naked eye to observe the pilling and pilling of the fabric.