The most common type of tensile testing machine is the universal testing machine (UTM). UTM is a multifunctional testing equipment used to test mechanical properties such as tensile strength, flexural strength, and compressive strength of materials.
A UTM typically consists of a sturdy frame, two clamps to hold and stretch the material sample, and a control system to apply and measure force and displacement. UTM can evaluate the mechanical properties of a material by applying a force (loading) and causing tension or compression on the material.
In a tensile test, UTM applies an increasing tensile force to a material sample until the material breaks. During this process, the UTM measures the applied force and tracks the displacement of the sample. These data can be used to calculate the tensile strength, elastic modulus, elongation at break and other parameters of the material.
In addition to universal testing machines, there are other specialized tensile testing machines, such as fiber strength testing machines (used for testing fiber materials), metal tensile testing machines (specialized for testing metal materials), and filament strength testing machines (specialized for testing metal materials). for testing filament materials). Each testing machine type has its specific application areas and suitable materials.
In summary, universal testing machines are the most common and versatile type of tensile testing machine, suitable for a wide range of materials and applications.