The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) has developed several standards related to the pilling test method. The specific ISO standard for pilling testing is ISO 12945.
ISO 12945 provides guidelines and procedures for evaluating the resistance to pilling of fabrics. It outlines different methods and equipment that can be used for conducting pilling tests, including the random tumble pilling method. The standard specifies the conditions, sample preparation, test parameters, evaluation criteria, and reporting requirements for conducting the tests.
ISO 12945 consists of several parts, each addressing different aspects of pilling testing. The main parts include:
- ISO 12945-1:2000 - This part provides the general principles and guidance for the assessment of pilling in fabrics. It covers the terminology, test specimens, test conditions, assessment methods, and reporting procedures.
- ISO 12945-2:2000 - This part describes the random tumble pilling method. It specifies the test apparatus, procedures, and evaluation criteria for evaluating the pilling propensity of fabrics.
- ISO 12945-3:2000 - This part presents the modified Martindale method, which is another commonly used pilling test method. It provides details on the test apparatus, test procedure, and evaluation method.
These ISO standards ensure consistency and accuracy in pilling testing across different laboratories and manufacturers. By following these standards, textile industry professionals can make reliable comparisons of pilling performance between different fabrics and assess their suitability for specific applications.