Martindale Abrasion and Pilling Tester are used to measure the resistance of fabrics to abrasion and pilling. The test is conducted by rubbing a piece of fabric against an abradant surface with a specified force and number of cycles. The number of cycles required to produce a visually detectable change in the fabric is recorded and used to determine the abrasion or pilling resistance of the fabric.
The fabric specimens are fixed on a grinding platform and rubbed with a friction cloth immediately adjacent to the grinding head. The abrasion resistance of the textile can be obtained from the degree of breakage, loss of mass and change in appearance of the specimen under the guidance of atomic absorption spectrometry.
The machine can usually be customised with 4, 6 or 9 stations to meet the various needs of the customer. It also allows each station to be tested simultaneously to increase testing efficiency. The machine is equipped with different weights and fixtures and its abrasive heads can be adapted to various European and American standards.
This test can be applied to both knitted and woven fabrics. In this process, the textile sample and the rubbing cloth will rub against each other on the abrasive platform, thus creating some geometry. Afterwards, we need to compare the damaged sample with a standard sample.
Level 1 Severe pilling
Level 2 somewhat severe pilling
Level 3 moderate pilling
Level 4 Slight pilling
Level 5 No pilling
To choose the right Martindale Abrasion and Pilling Tester for your application, you must consider the size and type of material you are testing, the required testing speed, the number of specimens to be tested, the required accuracy, and other factors.